History of Food Science & Technology [For Beginners] -  免费在线视频最佳电影电视节目 -  Viveos.Net

History of Food Science & Technology [For Beginners]

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  • Published on:  Sunday, August 26, 2018
  • Do you know that most of the food we see on the shelf of the supermarkets today, wasn’t available a 100-150 years from now? This was because there were very few techniques to preserve the food. The food would spoil very fast and a lot of people suffered from food poisoning and even death. The food we eat today, is completely taken for granted because it is cheap and easily available. The food you and I are eating today has been possible because of the efforts of a lot of scientists, researchers, engineers, food technologists, nutritionists so that the food you are eating is safe and healthy. But the process of developing food wasn’t invented overnight. So, what is the history and how food technology originated?Well if you ask me, I think the preservation of food has been abundant since early human started farming. Early humans realized the fact that they could not always hunt for animals or pluck fruits from trees every day. And if they stored the food like meat, it spoiled very fast. So, they had to develop some preservation techniques for eating the food even when they could not hunt, or the fruits and vegetables weren’t available.Some of the earliest preservation techniques include Sun-Drying, freezing, salting, fermentation and so on. The downside of the early preservation techniques was that they changed the flavour and texture of the food along with huge loss of vitamins most of the time. These techniques were not very effective for travellers and soldiers who needed a healthy diet. During the Napoleonic wars (1803-1815), the French Government offered 12,000 Francs to anyone who could develop a method for preserving food for the military. In 1809, a French confectioner and chef developed a method of sealing the food in glass jars. The name of that French man was ‘Nicholas Appert’. The process was simple. He sealed the food in a glass jar and then heated the jar for some time depending upon the food. The method proved to be successful and he was awarded 12,000 Francs. The invention of canning is considered as the major turning point in the history of food technology and food science. Because of his remarkable contribution, Nicholas Appert is also known as the ‘Father of Canning’. And even canning is sometimes referred to as ‘Appertization’. Although canning was successful but the science behind its success wasn’t known until 50 years later, when a French microbiologist and chemist showed that growth of micro-organisms is responsible for the spoilage of beverages. He also invented a process where milk was heated to a specific temperature for a specified time to kill the spoilage micro-organisms. That French microbiologist was none other than Louis Pasteur. The process he invented is still prevalent in the dairy industry and wine industry as well. And in the honour of Louis Pasteur, the process is known as ‘Pasteurization’. In 1895, almost a 30 years later in Boston, Massachusetts, William Lyman Underwood of a canning company worked with Samuel Prescott to develop the research which would further lead to the concept of ‘Thermal Death Time’. A lot of people don’t consider this event when it comes to the history of food technology, but this was also one of the turning points in the history as their research was important to determine the time-temperature combination for a food. That means, for how long a food will be cooked at what temperature. Since then, a lot of research and discoveries had been done but in the 20th century, food safety was still an issue. In 1960, the Pillsbury company, NASA and the USA army labs collaborated to develop safe and healthy food for the astronauts. Eventually, they developed a systematic preventive approach to ensure food safety and that came to be known as ‘HACCP’. HACCP is a preventive tool used in food industry to ensure safety of the food.HACCP is prevalent today in every food industry and food safety is incomplete without the implementation of the HACCP program. Since the development of HACCP, there have been a lot of rapid growth in the food technology. Industrialists have adopted newer technologies to process the food in a faster and efficient way. So, these were some of the major breakthroughs in the history of food technology.-~-~~-~~~-~~-~-Please watch: "What Is Food Safety & Why You Need to Know About It?" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wQLvn...-~-~~-~~~-~~-~-
  • Source: https://youtu.be/xLXOrXd5Bl4
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Comment

  • sunanda sinha babu

    sunanda sinha babu

     11 months ago +7

    Video is really relevant, short ND simple for a beginner to understand.. It's a gr8 effort from Yur side 👍👍👍

  • Bashi

    Bashi

     4 months ago +2

    Bro, please do a video on career opportunities of food technology

  • Ilma Khan

    Ilma Khan

     11 months ago +4

    Again... An awesome effort... Keep going Areeb..😊😊😉😉

  • Arpit Rathor

    Arpit Rathor

     5 months ago +4

    nice video..
    it may be helpful for me.
    bt I was expecting some more techniques n guidance regarding half fry techniques....
    which McDonald's n many others are using....
    m also having a business of wada pav n it's having a lot of demand.
    my business is in mandsaur(M.P) n people from Gujarat mostly like d taste of my dishes.. so I want to expand my business..
    so if u can help me by making me aware about some techniques which can preserve my stuff up to 3-4 days so that I can send my dishes to many other cities also .

  • Maheswari Nagarajan

    Maheswari Nagarajan

     2 months ago +2

    Thank u sir , this is easy to understand, pls put a video on recent advances in food industry

  • Drexel Finnicum

    Drexel Finnicum

     6 days ago +1

    I went to cooking school because of secrecy In recipes. And my own medical issues.

  • Jyoti Palariya

    Jyoti Palariya

     11 months ago +4

    Thanku so much Sir

  • Irshad Ahmad

    Irshad Ahmad

     11 months ago +3

    Nice - Clearly described.

  • Yashmilan Kaur

    Yashmilan Kaur

     1 months ago +1

    Class is still on and on......
    Thanks and regards for this beautiful video.

  • Sapna Nandikol

    Sapna Nandikol

     28 days ago +1

    Loved the video, very informative 👍👍

  • latheef panakkad

    latheef panakkad

     4 months ago +2

    Thank u sir

  • Muhammd Juned

    Muhammd Juned

     1 months ago

    sir please make the video in hindi

  • Anusha Kharel

    Anusha Kharel

     8 months ago +3

    Its really helpful.. best wishes for ur future 😊😊

  • Mir ZOYA

    Mir ZOYA

     5 months ago +2

    Pakistan ma ye feild kesi h ?

  • Allina De mesa

    Allina De mesa

     2 months ago +2

    Incoming first year college in food technology

  • mercy

    mercy

     6 months ago +2

    Thank u

  • Shravya GN

    Shravya GN

     10 months ago +3

    Awesome

  • M - STAR

    M - STAR

     7 months ago +2

    So bored